“A New Method of Realizing the Artistic Possibilities of Photography”

Vanity Fair, November 1922, p. 50 (2011.34.1)

Vanity Fair, November 1922, p. 50 (2011.34.1)

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Speak Easy

Margaret Bourke-White, Hunt Club in N.Y., 1933 (1732.2005)

Patrons enjoying drinks at the Hunt Club, a speakeasy with a filing system listing their 23,000 eligible customers which is checked before a customer gets through the door at this venue that is protected fr. police prohibition raids.
Life Collection Caption

December 5, 1933 marked the end of thirteen years of prohibition (“a nationwide constitutional ban on the production, importation, transportation, and sale of alcoholic beverages from 1920 to 1933. wiki.) Margaret Bourke-White’s photo tastefully illustrates the effectiveness of prohibition.

Sign on the wall reads:

“Keep your Temper.
We don’t need it.”

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The President

Various artists, The President, 1972 (2017.27.6)

Published by the Young Voters for the President, this Richard Nixon (1913-1994) campaign poster was for his 1972 re-election campaign. “Nixon defeated South Dakota Senator George McGovern, the Democratic candidate for president, by one of the widest electoral margins ever, winning 520 electoral college votes to McGovern’s 17 and nearly 61 percent of the popular vote.” (nixonlibrary.gov). It was included in the exhibition “Winning the White House: From Press Prints to Selfies,” (2016-17).

“Over 25,000,000 young American, between the ages of 18 and 21, become eligible to vote in a national election for the first time. Thousands of them vote in a national election for the first time. Thousands of them are demonstrating their interest by getting involved in voter registration drives, door to door canvasing and get out the vote efforts in support of President Nixon.”

Various artists, The President, 1972 (2017.27.6)

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Man Ray

William Wegman, Lee Street Pond, 1981 (2010.23.11)

William Wegman, Lee Street Pond, 1981 (2010.23.12)

William Wegman, Lee Street Pond, 1981 (2010.23.13)

These three Ektacolor prints, 15 1/2 by 15 1/2 inch images, on 20 by 16 inch paper, feature his Weimaraner named Man Ray. William Wegman was born on December 2, 1943 in Holyoke, Massachusetts.

William Wegman, Elks Club, 1980 (161.1985)

This photograph is one fifth of the portfolio Five Still Lifes (1980), published by Paradox Editions Limited. (The other artists included in the portfolio were Robert Cumming, Robert W. Fichter, Betty Hahn, Victor Schrager.) The photos were produced in the Polaroid Corporation’s 20×24 studio in Cambridge, Massachusetts. This photograph also features Man Ray.

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Happy Thanksgiving

The New York Times Mid-Week Pictorial, November 28, 1931 (2007.50.20)

Weegee, [Female cab driver with Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade clown, New York], (14751.1993)

cruising down COLUMBUS AVE in the rain..
its just the hand of a 45 FT. CLOWN
being filled with HELLIUM GAS for the
annual MACYS DEPARTMENT STORE thanksgiving day parade…

Weegee, [Aftermath of turkey truck crash, New York], ca. 1942-43 (16432.1993)

Lou Stoumen, Roast Turkey, Cigars and Beer, Thanksgiving Day, Camp Tortuguero, Puerto Rico, 1942 (130.1992)

Lee Sievan, Turkey Dinner 40¢, 1940s (7.1990)

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“Crime and Punishment”

Weegee, [Police examining body of a “hold-up man,” New York], November 23, 1941 (negative 2185)


Thousands Awed as Gunman
Fires Wildly at Pursuers in
Crowded Delancey Street


Critically Wounded When He
Blocks Doorway as Thug
Flees After Hold-Up
(The New York Times, November 24, 1941)

Weegee, [Police examining body of a “hold-up man,” New York], November 23, 1941 (2057.1993)

Robber Slain,
Diner Wounded

(Rochester Times-Union, November 24, 1941)

Hundreds Scatter
As Cop Slays Thug

(Brooklyn Eagle, November 24, 1941)


(The Daily News, Batavia, N.Y., November 24, 1941)

PM, November 24, 1941, p.13

Cop Kills Holdup Man:
A few minutes after he had held up an Essex Street lunchroom on the Lower East Side and shot a patron, Vincent Mannuzza, 31, was lying dead at the feet of the cop who shot him. Patrolman Laurence Cramer [Kraemer], right, shot and killed Mannuzza after a two-block chase and is shown handing the gunman’s revolver to Sgt. Eugene Morland. The $20 loot taken from the restaurant lies in Mannuzza’s hat at his side. An ambulance surgeon crouches over the dead man who was shot in the head and back. Mannuzza shot a customer, Adam Zayko, 50, when he refused to go into the back room with two other customers and the manager of the lunchroom. PM Photo by Weegee

Weegee, Naked City (1945), pp. 82-83

Crime and Punishment
This happened at eight o’clock on a Sunday night…. People were rushing to the movies… there was a good double feature at Loew’s Delancey Street… one being a gangster picture… a few blocks away… in the Essex Diner… a bus boy was pasting a sign in the window, “Chef’s Special.” A man walked in… he wasn’t looking for any specials, he had a gun. And this was a stickup. He grabbed the money from the cash register and ran out. A cop saw him and gave chase. The holdup man hid behind a parked car and started firing at the cop. The policeman fired back and killed the bandit. Here’s the cop just after the shooting… very nervous, for he might have hit some innocent passers by, giving the gun to the sergeant. The cop got a medal… the gunman got the bullets. Naked City (1945), pp. 82-83.

In the end, Vincent Manuzza, 31, a resident of Brooklyn, was shot by two New York City police officers in a series of events that turned the crowded streets of the Lower East Side into a war zone. Many contemporaneous newspaper reports revealed that Manuzza was sentenced for assault, second degree, in July 1934, and spent time in Sing Sing. As is common, some of the details printed in newspapers at the time are inconsistent. This version, vividly resembling a film noir, derived largely from The New York Times, and seasoned with information from several other newspapers, is reasonably accurate:

A quarter past 10 PM on a cold Sunday night, November 23, four days before Thanksgiving, Delancey Street was crowded. The Essex Diner, 60 Essex St. (OR chrd 4-9343), was not. Manuzza entered the diner, the counterman hid under the counter when he saw a gun, Manuzza took $20 from the cash register, went towards a side exit, a 50 year old patron apparently did not understand what was happening, was off to the side, and in the exit. Manuzza approached him and shot him in the abdomen. The wounded Lower East Side resident was taken to Gouverneur Hospital (621 Water St.).

A police officer heard the shot and chased Manuzza northerly to Broome St. Hidden behind a parked truck, with hundreds of people nearby, Manuzza and two police officers exchanged gunfire. At Norfolk and Delancey Streets, Manuzza was shot as he ran towards an underground trolley station (the Williamsburg Bridge Trolley Terminal). In Weegee’s photo the “ambulance surgeon” from Gouverneur Hospital is bending over and touching Manuzza, who is lying face down because he “was shot in the head and back.”

This real life film noir tragedy took place in the same location as the beginning of the final scene in the film “The Naked City” (1948). (ICP’s new center, 79 Essex St., is within earshot.) On Sunday and Monday, November 23d and 24th, Loew’s Delancey Street (1912-1976, one screen with over 1,700 seats, 140-146 Delancey St.) was screening a good double feature: “Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde” (1941) starring Ingrid Bergman, Lana Turner, and Spencer Tracy, and “Tanks A Million” (1941, comedy). The Loew’s Jersey City had a great double feature. It was screening “Ladies in Retirement,” a 1941 film noir starring Ida Lupino. And the 1941 comedy “Married Bachelor.” The Loew’s Jersey City is still extant and a stones throw from the Weegee archive, in Jersey City.

Two weeks later the United States entered World War Two.

Weegee, [Police examining body of a “hold-up man,” New York], November 23, 1941 (14052.1993)

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“Night Club Man…”

Bob Jackson, [Nightclub owner Jack Ruby firing bullet at point-blank range into collapsing body of Lee Harvey Oswald, Dallas Police Station], November 24, 1963, (1912.2005)

Unidentified photographer, [Television image of John F. Kennedy’s accused assassin Lee Harvey Oswald being transported to county jail moments before being fatally shot by Jack Ruby], November 24, 1963 (2013.44.17)

The Dallas Morning News, (photo by Jack Beers), “Nigh Club Man Kills Oswald,” “John F. Kennedy’s Body Borne to Capitol,” November 25, 1963 (2013.80.1)

Unidentified artist, [We Will Close Monday in Mourning the Death of John F. Kennedy], November 1963, (2013.37.1)

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