weegee_7584_1993Weegee, [Widescreen image of sailboat Christian Raditch in Louis de Rochemont’s film Windjammer], ca. 1958 (7584.1993)

This image is of a movie, Windjammer. The movie was filmed in Cinemiracle, a wide-format film type. Cinemiracle was in direct competition with the previously developed Cinerama. It used three cameras to capture a 2.59:1 image, including two mirrors to give the left and right cameras the same optical center as the middle camera. This had the effect of making the joins between the projected images much less obvious than when films were shot with Cinerama. Unfortunately, Windjammer was the only movie ever filmed on Cinemiracle, as it was shortly bought out by Cinerama and effectively shelved ad infinitum. The film premiered on the East Coast at the Roxy Theater, 153 West 50th Street, in New York. There’s a good chance this theater is where the image was taken, given how few theaters were equipped with the special twenty-four foot curved screen necessary to project the film. Windjammer is a documentary tracking the 17,500 nautical mile journey of a Norwegian training ship, the Christian Radich. The film follows the ship and crew, made up mostly of young sailors-in-training, from Oslo across the Atlantic to New York and back to Norway. Weegee shot the New York sequences of the film.

Kathy Akey, ICP-Bard 2014

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Norishment or Poison?

Milk has been part of our diet since the Neolithic Revolution (10,000 BCE), when humans domesticated animals. The discussion about organic, raw, and genetically treated food is at its peak. There are arguments on each side of the coin, both convincing and supported by real scientific data.

The way to understand milk is by understanding love, says a raw milk producer—no pasteurization is needed. To him to drink milk is a natural way of living. Is a custom that has been passed from one generation to the next, and is the ultimate expression of love.

In another corner, dietitians, scientists, vegans, etc. have discovered that milk has a close relationship to medical problems in humans. The data is convincing, and it has been suggested that milk can cause cancerous cells to develop.

To drink raw milk is bad because animal protein has to be processed in order to be well digested by the human metabolism. Pasteurized milk is bad because it is processed. Milk from genetically treated cows is worst because of the hormones added.

If everyone is right, then everyone is wrong too. Today, food has become a political tool, and when politics gets involved in a problem as basic as whether milk is good or not, then to find the answer will take a lot of time, and a lot of money.

I found very interesting photographs in the collection that depict the different points of view over this problematic topic.


Roman Vishniac, [Boy learning to milk cows by using a model of a cow’s udders, Niederschönhausen, an occupational training camp for German Jews hoping to emigrate, Pankow, Berlin], 1930 (2012.80.17)

©Mara Vishniac Kohn, courtesy International Center of Photography

A boy is milking a model of a cow’s udders. Beginning in the 1930s, many German Jews sought to leave the country due to increasing Nazi oppression. Due to immigration restrictions they were more likely to successfully emigrate if they had artisanal, agricultural, or engineering skills. Because of this, vocational schools were formed to give people the opportunity to learn these much-needed skills and then emigrate.


Harold Eugene Edgerton, Coronet, 1936 (77.1987)

Edgerton’s Coronet is a very important photograph. Edgerton invented the strobe flash that let him freeze and follow movement on film.  The choice of milk is interesting. Because of its color and its consistency, it seems to be the perfect material for such an experiment. At this point in history, milk was also easily accessible.


Weegee, Milk Drinker on the Bowery, 1940s (14368.1993)

In the 1940s, the Bowery was a unique place. Most of the personalities found there were alcoholics and drug addicts, or simply homeless. This one man drinking milk straight out of the carton suggests the universality of milk and its importance to human diet. Whether thirst or hunger, milk will quench it.


Gordon Parks, [Child with bottles of milk], ca. 1970s (342.1974)

Gordon Parks’s image  takes us to that place of comfort where milk equals nourishment. We see a child drinking milk. We imagine how he will grow up strong and happy. The kid is being taken care of, or at least he has a good amount of milk to keep him going.


Aleksandras Macijauskas, In The Veterinary Clinic – 100, 1979 (1140.1986.u)

Aleksandras Macijauskas’s image suggests thoughts about animal experimentation, genetic treatments, and overall animal cruelty.

Juana Romero, ICP-Bard 2014

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It’s Sheep We’re up Against

In honor of the twenty-eighth anniversary of the release of the Housemartins’ second single, “Sheep,” here’s a selection of images of these unquestioning and agreeable animals.


Chris Buck, Dolly, 1997 (430.2003)


Andrew SavulichMan Putting Sheep into Taxi, 1986 (377.1994)


Bill Brandt, Avebury Stone Circle, Wiltshire, 1944 (124.1981)


Jill Freedman, Fair Day, County Leitrim, 1973 (18.1988)


Bernard Plossu, St. Louis, Senegal, 1976 (348.1996)

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The Joys of Commuting


Lucien Aigner, Last express to the suburbs, Paris, 1934 (277.1982)


Gordon Parks, Commuters, New York City, 1946 (152.1983)

weiner_dan_138_1992Dan Weiner, Commuters, Forest Park, Illinois, 1953 (138.1992)


Charles Pratt, Hoboken Ferry, 1963 (94.1996)

salgado_sebastiao_2007_6_1Sebastião Salgado, Churchgate is the terminus station of the Western railroad line, built by the British; the railroad system covers much of India. The trains are notorious for being dangerously overcrowded, 1995 (2007.6.1)

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Richard Avedon, [Hand and arm in long sleeved blouse in front of black hair], ca. 1968 (2151.2005)


Lou Bernstein, Kathie, N.Y. Aquarium, 1977 (94.1992)


Lala Deen Dayal, General View of City and Lake, Udaipur, ca. 1880s (125.1980)

munkacsi_martin_2007_110_1657Martin Munkacsi, [Woman in peignoir], 1936 (2007.110.1657)

bs_0004Chim (David Seymour), [Seagulls, Nice, France], 1938 (Extended loan from Ben Shneiderman Collection)

Definition of FOLD:  transitive verb:  to lay one part over another part of

 <fold a letter>:  to reduce the length or bulk of by doubling over <fold a tent> to clasp together :  entwine <fold the hands>to clasp or enwrap closely :  embrace,  to bend (as a layer of rock) into folds , to incorporate (a food ingredient) into a mixture by repeated gentle over turnings without stirring or beating,  to incorporate closely, to concede defeat by withdrawing (one’s cards) from play (as in poker),  to bring to an end

Five images not thematically related to each other except for the fold folding the images together.

The hand in or in front of a woman’s black hair is almost like a sculpture. The texture of hair flows and folds into the water, where the dolphin bends in curves like the continuously moving ripples on the surface of the lake in Udaipur where my mother lives and stays right now. The thought of this is in itself a fold originated in the movement of the dolphin. The continuous streams floating in the city of lakes fold into the dress of the woman in peignoir dancing in the wind folding her hands holding a pigeon illuminated by the touch of the light from behind. The gesture of the hand stretching upwards to feed the seagulls whose wings slowly unfolds as they lower their flight. What is in a fold?– in a bending form,  in a movement of a body, in distance of thoughts, in ripples of water,  in sound of the air?

–Emilie Lundstrøm, ICP-Bard 2014

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Soichi Kiyooka’s Nikko, Tochigi


Soichi Kiyooka, Nikko, Tochigi, January 1971 (19.1994)

The photograph was taken at Nikko, Tochigi, a Japanese tourist town. In the photograph we see what could be called an iceberg, or maybe it is just a rock in the water that has been frozen over. This picture was most likely taken in Lake Chuzeni. Behind the block of ice you can see Mount Nantai creating a frame around the iceberg. The play between the block of ice, which is contained in the frame, and the mountain behind it is very interesting. The scale is such that the iceberg appears to be as large or larger than the mountain. It becomes an optical illusion and it begins to look like a montage for this reason.

This photograph was part of the show Two Views of Japan: The Landscape Photographs of Soichi Kiyooka and Hidekazu Iwase at ICP  in 1994.

Juana Romero, ICP-Bard 2014

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Sheng Qi


Sheng Qi, Memories (Mother), 2000 (9.2004)

The photograph is part of Hand series (2005) by Chinese photographer Sheng Qi. In 1989, in protest of the massacre at Tiananmen Square, he cut off his left pinkie finger, which he buried it in a porcelain flowerpot to be able to leave part of himself in China. The photograph, through reductive simplicity (background color with the close up of the artist palm that held tiny black-and-white ID photograph), shapes our perception by the introspection and unique manner of recreating a memory and past moment in time. Mother, with photographs Me and Mao, also included in the ICP collection, reinforces the notion of the past bringing us to the future. Parts of the family and parts of body that shape the new independent country. Referring to the photographic language of ID photographs enclosed in the frame of photograph serves as a mirror for our identities that we can look through and shape ourselves. The photograph was included in the exhibition Between Past and Future: New Photography and Video from China, which was co-organized by ICP and Asia Society.

–Kasia Gumpert, ICP-Bard 2014

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