Margaret Bourke-White (1904-1971), Gandhi Colony: Gandhi’s morning walk with close members of the Ashram and members of his family. It is hard to overemphasize the importance of the daily ritual, 1946 (1909.2005)
Margaret Bourke-White (1904-1971), [Mohandas Gandhi with hands clasped in prayer, standing near his nephew Kanu (R) and his wife Abha, as his secretaries (L-R) Sushila Pai, Raj Kumari and Pyarelal, sit at his feet during twilight meeting at his colony compound], 1946 (1898.2005)
Source: archive.org, uploaded by public.resource.org, audio courtesy of Gandhi Heritage Portal from All India Radio.
Today is my birthday.¹ I do not celebrate my birthday in the usual way. I would say that on this day we must fast, spin and pray. That, in my view, is the most appropriate way of celebrating one’s birthday. If you really want to celebrate my birthday, it is your duty not to let anyone be possessed by madness and if there is any anger in your hearts you must remove it. I would appeal to the people not to take the law into their hands but leave it to the Government to decide the issue. If you remember this much, I would consider it a good act on your part. This is all I wish to tell you. (transcription of speech, October 2, 1947)
“Note on Gandhi’s Birthday” from Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi, Volume 089 (LXXXIX), p.524-525, from archive.org.
Gandhi celebrated his last birthday by fasting, prayer, and spinning. He did not listen to the special programs in observance of his birthday on the radio. He preferred the sound of the spinning wheel. “He heard it in the ‘still sad music of humanity’.” (Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi, Volume 89, p.525)
Today is the 149th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948). Gandhi’s message of non-violence, truth, and equality for all is essential and eternal.