Nickolas Murray


Nickolas Muray, [D. H. Lawrence], ca. 1925 (1172.2005)

Nickolas Muray was born Hungary in 1892. He moved to New York in 1913 after studying photoengraving in Berlin. Muray worked in New York as a portrait, fashion, and advertising photographer until 1965. Some of his clients included General Electric, Sara Lee, American Cyanamid, and Kraft. He made portraits for magazines such as Vanity Fair, Harpers Bazaar, Vogue, McCall’s, and the New York Times. He photographed many celebrities, artists, and writers including Claude Monet, Fred Astaire, Charlie Chaplain, Martha Graham, and D. H. Lawrence as well as numerous US presidents. Some of his most famous portraits were of the artist Frida Kahlo, with whom he was romantically involved for ten years.

Muray was considered the master of the three color carbro process, or carbon pigment printing. Color carbo processing was invented in 1868 by Louise Arthur Ducos du Hauron and was eventually replaced by silver dye bleach (Cibachrome) and later digital printing.

Muray was also an Olympic fencer; he died in 1965 after suffering a heart attack while fencing due to the force of the blow.

Winona Barton-Ballentine, ICP-Bard 2013

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