Revolutions (33, 45, and 78): USSR in Construction (1935)

Records have to be made to satisfy the most varied demands and tastes of Soviet users. Some people like opera and classical music, others prefer concert solos, others again demand dance music. Collective farmers from the Ukraine will seek Novi Viter Na Ukrainu, while the Caucasian mountaineers want the music of the Naur Lesginka dance.
Records have not only to suit all tastes, but to suit the needs of the numerous races and nationalities of the country.

In the sound recording cabinet. (1) The Negress singer Anderson; (2) I. Kozlovsky, tenor from the Bolshoi Theatre, Moscow; (3) People’s artist Nezhdandova, accompanied by orchestra conducted by Golovanov; (4) David Oistrakh, the violinist who took second prize at the international violin contest in Warsaw.
Everything these masters of art perform is imprinted on the metal and remains forever for future generations.

A portable gramophone manufactured by the Leningrad factory.

The gramophone industry that came to us after the October revolution was a handicraft industry, in a semi-ruined condition. It was only in 1924-1925 that the organization of the production began in the USSR. In 1928–1929 only about 1,500 gramophones were made, the number rising in 1931 to 15,000 and in 1932 to 25,000. During the first five year plan about 6,000,000 records were made. But both gramophones and the records were of poor quality. Their number was also utterly inadequate to cope with the growing demand. On September 23, 1933 the central committee of the CPSU decided on measures to improve and develop the gramophone industry. A special gramophone trust was organized under the commissariat of heavy industry. On the decision of the central committee the old factory in Leningrad was re-equipped and a new one built at Kolomensk, and in 1935 the output will be 140,00 gramophones. In 1937 A new factory will be ready in Vladimir. After it starts to work the manufacture of gramophones will reach 1,5000,000 annually.

Portable gramophones are very popular. In the course of a few years they have penetrated everywhere.

The people of Uzbekistan love to listen to the gramophone.
Portable gramophones are pleasant on boating trips.
Crews who are wintering in the Arctic like them.
The traditional concertina and the portable gramophone.
Collective farmers of the Kalmykov farm, North Caucasus, listen to the music of a portable gramophone in the dinner interval.

The main conveyor at the Leningrad factory. Assembling electric gramophones.
Gramophone factory now being built at Vladimir.

The mechanism of the portable gramophone, assembled in a metal case, is carefully tested.

Every part of the works is tested with the same care.

General view of the record factory in Noginsk.

Machine for making records. The material on the dies.

Taking out a finished record.

Registering the sound is one of the most complicated processes in the reproduction of sound by a gramophone. It was only recently that a sound recording chamber was equipped in accordance with modern technique at the Aprelov factory. Every sound has its own “handwriting,” which the apparatus writes on the record. A metallic matrix is made which is a negative of the voice. The sound is preserved for ever in this metal matrix. A thousand years hence, our descendants will hear the voice of Lenin, or Stalin.

Comrade Lenin at the sound recording apparatus delivering a speech on the “Work of the Transport System.”
[This recording can be heard here!!!]

View of the sound recording centre which is being built in Moscow. This centre will be ready in 1938 and will register over 2,000 records per year.

Record of Lenin’s speech.
[Almost ten of Lenin's speeches, on gramophone records, can be heard here!]


USSR in Construction, No. 7, 1935

In the central universal store in Moscow you can pick out a watch to suit your fancy.

Big universal stores and co-operative stores have sprung up all over our tremendous country, in them the purchaser can obtain everything pertaining to culture and a high standard of living.

You may buy a good gramophone there.

You may buy any record you wish.

Lenin’s speeches on gramophone records can be heard here!
Many Russian records can be seen and heard on an amazing website here!

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2 Responses to Revolutions (33, 45, and 78): USSR in Construction (1935)

  1. Pingback: Revolutions (33,45 and 78) Be A Strainer

  2. Pingback: History Carnival, May 2012

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